EDIPSOS CITY

 

Asked the view Athina from the Ifesto to create hotly for her beloved hero Irakli, in order that this after each feat goes and relieve rest.The Ifestos did not spoil the his sake of his brother and struck with the hammer the ground of Edιpsos. Immediately well up hot, water spa.What makes the island of Evia distinguish is the unique combination of light blue, the sumptuous feast islander Greek Sea, and the green, a rich of mountains flora. Thus therefore it distinguishes from the light of particular favour that it shows for that nature. In this natural safe-deposit is included the enchanting region of Edipsou, acquaintance in all the world for the privilege of her precious subsoil and gifts that the ground offers in her gut. The Edipsos can attract also the most exigent visitor and him lead to the revelation of splendid secrets that hides her region. It is a hospitable region rich in life, with intense colours and strong perfumes that it gives in whoever him it visits, peacefulness and intellectual lucidity.

HISTORY.

There is no evidence of when and by whom it was founded, but one thing is certain that its hot springs were known before the 4th century B.C. According to StraboΆs description, it was called “HerculesΆs Hot Springs”. Based on the Greek Mythology, the Goddess Athena asked Hephaestus to provide the region with hot springs for her to give them as a present to Hercules.

The distortion of hydrotherapyΆs role did not take long to come, as the case was with most of the aspects of Roman life. The spa places become places for orgies and promiscuity, a fact that led, when Christianity became dominant, to a merciless persecution of all spa-therapy places. Thus, for a long time spa places, such as Edipsos, are regarded to be accursed and get gradually deserted. However, as the time went by, taking the edge of passion off, Christianity itself recognized the value of hydrotherapy. A lot of monasteries are established near spas and the view that water cleanses sins prevails. The Middle Ages and the Ottoman rule give no information about their development or decline and written evidence about the spas in modern times dates from 1835 with the collapse of the Ottoman rule and the creation of the modern Greek State.By the end of the 19th century, the independent Greek State begins its course of reconstruction and Edipsos spa follows that way. The town planning of Edipsos was assigned to Bavarian Engineers by the initiative of Queen Olga, in accordance with the current standards and the first Greek town planning sample, that of the neighboring town Oreoi, built by the initiative of Queen OlgaΆs predecessor, Queen Amalia. Queen Olga, wife of King George I, was particularly fond of Edipsos, where she even established an orphanage, which was named after her. It was then, in 1907, that she stayed for some time in the ΅THERMAE SULLAΆ (SullaΆs Hot Springs) Hotel. The tourist development begins, as a matter of fact, in 1896, when a major investor, Errikos Tobazis, builds the first modern hotel complex, the ΅THERMAE SULLAΆ.

At the dawn of the 20th century we see hotels being built one after the other, such as ΅IRAKLIOΆ, ΅STADIONΆ, ΅EA PEGAEΆ, ΅AEGLIΆ, ΅AVRAΆ, ΅AKTIΆ and ΅ISTIEAΆ are only some of them. At the same time private spa-therapy units are formed to meet the needs of bathers, as well as luxurious restaurants and tavernas, entertainment clubs with live music and famous orchestral groups. The spas of that time had become the most important centers of internal and foreign tourism. Famous ship owners, industrialists, politicians, artists and intellectuals spend time of relaxation and freedom from worries and the specific spa becomes known beyond the Greek boundaries. Its reputation is typical during the Belle Epoque. Eleftherios Venizelos, Costis Palamas, the great actress Marika Kotopouli are just some of its prominent visitors.

In 1912 the seat of the Municipality was transferred to Loutra and with the contribution of the refugees from Asia Minor who arrived at the place in 1922, a new impetus was given to the town through the development of fishery, agriculture and commerce. During the German occupation, the cosmopolitan Loutra was lucky. The occupation army uses the hotel complexes as lodgings to accommodate their wounded soldiers and, as a result, the spa escaped destruction.After the 2nd World War, they acquire once again their ro

le as the focus of attraction of thousands of tourists. This time, from flourishing Egypt, Cyprus, Europe and America, people of politics, art and wealth, such as Churchill, Onassis, Maria Callas, Greta Carbo, Omar Sharif, Costas Varnalis spend pleasant hours of stay and entertainment, while Menelaos Loundemis, in his adolescence, writes his first work ΅Goodnight LifeΆ working as a waiter. Demetris Psathas and Fokionas Demetriades have fun teasing each other within the gardens of Aegli Hotel at a later stage

Before 1959, access to the spa was quite difficult. In order to reach it from Athens one had to go by train to Halkida and then by ship to Loutra (spa). In the absence of an appropriate jetty, the ship had to anchor in the open sea and passengers, with their luggage, reached the coast by a boat (dinghy). Since the late ΅50s, when a ferry boat link was inaugurated, at the Arkitsa site of the Fthiotis Prefecture, access became very easy. Thus, thousands of visitors are given the chance to come and enjoy the beautiful natural environment of a city so rich in history and cosmopolitan past, as well as a city with a most promising future.

   

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